Bird Safe House Plants

Bird Safe House Plants

Bird Safe House Plants - A Shopper’s Guide

For homes where parrots and pet birds are to co-exist with house plants, knowing which plants are considered bird-safe is a must. This 'Shopper’s Guide to Bird-Safe House Plants' provides a quick, easy-to-use resource for selecting such plants.

Each of the house plants listed in this guide have been compiled from numerous parrot related sources, including the former Bird Talk Magazine, The Complete Bird Owner’s Handbook by Gary Gallerstein, D.V.M., Feeding Your Pet Bird by Barron’s as well as informational sheets from various bird clubs and organizations.

: In a hurry? Press "CTRL F" on your keyboard, enter either the plants common name or botanical name to see if the plant is listed as bird safe. If the name has (h) after it, the plant has been reported as both safe and unsafe in the resource materials.

Using the Guide
In the first section of this guide, house plants considered bird-safe are listed alphabetically by some of their more-popular common names, followed by their botanical names. In general, common names are those every-day-words someone has used to describe a plant, such as “Painted Fingernail,” or “Rabbit’s Foot Fern.” Since many different plants use the same or a similar common name, make sure the botanical name matches the plant being considered. If you do not find the common name listed, be sure and check the listing of botanical names in section two. If a plant’s ID tag or sales tag does not list its botanical name, ask a qualified sales person for the name, or consider another plant to be safe.

In the second section of this guide, bird-safe house plants are listed alphabetically by their botanical name. Botanical names ending with the word “species” represent all plants that begin with the first word of that botanical name. For example, Peperomia argyreia and Peperomia caperata, two different plants, would be represented by the single listing Peperomia species.

Some plants reported as bird-safe, such as Pothos, have also been reported as unsafe in other listings. These plants have been noted by placing (h) after their names to indicate they may or may not be harmful to pet birds.

If a plant’s botanical name is not found, it’s best to choose another plant. The only plants listed in this guide are those believed to be bird safe according to the source materials in the selected bibliography provided below.

Other considerations:
1. Some plants have sharp or potentially injurious parts. Evaluate such plants for their suitability.

2. VERY IMPORTANT! Be sure the plant you purchase is free from pesticides. Pet birds are more likely to die from pesticide poisoning than from a plant believed to be harmful.

3. Unless a plant is part of a dietary supplement, or known to be safe by you, avoid letting your bird(s) eat or nibble it, particularly if it’s new to their diet. Be extra safe even on plants considered bird safe.

4. Disclaimer: The information provided below was compiled from various published sources within and outside the avian community - selected bibliography included below. The safety of any plant listed in this guide is not guaranteed by the author or publisher. The author and publisher disclaim any liability in connection with the use of this information. New articles on plant safety and plant recommendations for pet birds are continually being written. Readers should refer the selected bibliography provided to determine the age and source of information in this guide.

Bird-Safe Plants by Common Names
(h) = may or may not be harmful

Acacia - Acacia baileyana
Action Plant - Mimosa pudica
African Violets - Saintpaulia ionantha
Airplane Plant - Chlorophytum comosum
Aloe - Aloe species (h)
Aluminum Plant - Pilea cadierei
American Rubber Plant - Peperomia obtusifolia
Angel's Tears - Soleirolia soleirolii
Antelope Ears - Platycerium bifurcatum
Arabian Coffee Tree - Coffea arabica (Beans Toxic)
Areca Palm - Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Arum Ivy - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Asparagus Fern - Asparagus densiflorus
Aspidistra - Aspidistra elatior
Assam Rubber Plant - Ficus elastica
Aster - Aster novi-belgii
Australian Ivy Palm - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Australian Ivy Palm - Schefflera actinophylla (h)
Australian Pine - Araucaria excelsa, A. heterophylla
Australian Umbrella Tree - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Australian Umbrella Tree - Schefflera actinophylla (h)

Baby Jade - Crassula argentea
Baby Rubber Plant - Peperomia obtusifolia
Baby's Breath - Gypsophila paniculata
Baby's Tears - Helxine soleirolii
Baby's Tears - Soleirolia soleirolii
Bachelor's Button - Centaurea cyanus
Ball Fern - Davallia mariesii
Bamboo - Arundinaria species
Bamboo - Bambusa species
Bamboo - Phyllostachys aurea
Bamboo Palm - Rhapis excelsa
Barroom Plant - Aspidistra elatior
Begonia - Begonia species
Belgian Evergreen - Dracaena sanderana (h)
Belmore Sentry Palm - Howea belmoreana
Benjamin Tree - Ficus benjamina
Billbergia - Billbergia species
Bird's Nest Fern - Asplenium nidus
Blacking Plant - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Bloodleaf Plant - Iresine herbstii
Bluebottle - Centaurea cyanus
Blushing Bromeliad - Neoregelia carolinae
Blushing Bromeliad - Nidularium fulgens
Blushing Cup - Nidularium fulgens
Boston Fern - Nephrolepis exaltata
Bottle Palm - Beaucarnea recurvata
Bougainvillea - Bougainvillea glabra
Braided Ficus - Ficus elastica
Brake Fern - Pteris cretica
Broad-leaved Lady Palm - Rhapis excelsa
Bromelia - Bromelia species
Bromeliad - Aechmea species, Vriesea species
Broom - Cytisus species
Burro's Tail - Sedum morganianum
Butterfly Palm - Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Button Fern - Pellaea rotundifolia

Cabbage Tree - Cordyline terminalis
Calathea - Calathea zebrina
California Maidenhair - Adiantum jordanii
Camellia - Camellia japonica
Canary Island Date Palm - Phoenix canariensis
Candle Plant - Plectranthus coleoides
Cane Palm - Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Cape Jasmine - Gardenia jasminoides
Cast Iron Plant - Aspidistra elatior
Cauliflower Ears - Crassula argentea
Chickweed - Cerastium vulgatum
China Rose - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Chinese Fan Palm - Livistona chinensis
Chinese Fountain Palm - Livistona chinensis
Chinese Hibiscus - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Chinese Rubber Plant - Crassula argentea
Christmas Cactus - Schlumbergera bridgesii
Christmas Cactus - Zygocactus truncatus
Cissus - Cissus antarctica
Climbing Rose - Rosa species
Coffee or Coffee Plant - Coffea arabica (Beans Toxic)
Coleus - Coleus species
Common Houseleek - Sempervivum tectorum
Common Zinnia - Zinnia elegans
Coral Berry - Aechmea fulgens 'Discolor'
Corn Plant - Dracaena fragrans massangeana
Cornflower - Centaurea cyanus
Cosmos - Cosmos bipinnatus
Crab Cactus - Zygocactus truncatus
Crassula argentea - Crassula argentea
Creeping Charlie - Pilea nummulariifolia
Creeping Fig - Ficus pumila
Creeping Fig - Ficus repens
Cretan Brake Fern - Pteris cretica
Cryptanthus - Cryptanthus species
Curly Palm - Howea belmoreana

Dagger Plant - Yucca aloifolia
Dahlia - Dahlia species
Deer's Foot Fern - Davallia canariensis
Delta Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum raddianum
Devil's Ivy - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Dish Fern - Pteris cretica
Dogwood - Cornus species
Dollar Plant - Crassula argentea
Donkey Tail - Sedum morganianum
Dracaena - Cordyline terminalis (h)
Dracaena - Dracaena species (h)
Dragon Tree - Dracaena draco
Dudder Grass - Adiantum capillus-veneris
Dutchwings - Gasteria liliputana
Dwarf Date Palm - Phoenix roebelenii
Dwarf Fan Palm - Rhapis excelsa
Dwarf Rubber Plant - Crassula argentea
Dyckia - Dyckia fosterana

Earth Stars - Cryptanthus species
Easter Cactus - Rhipsalidopsis gaerineri
Echeveria - Echeveria elegans
Edible Fig - Ficus carica
Elephant-Foot Tree - Beaucarnea recurvata
Elk's Horn Fern - Platycerium bifurcatum
Emerald Feather - Asparagus densiflorus
Emerald Fern - Asparagus densiflorus
Emerald Ripple Peperomia - Peperomia caperata
European Fan Palm - Chamaerops humilis

False Aralia - Dizygotheca elegantissima
Fan Palm - Trachycarpus fortunei
Fatsia - Fatsia japonica
Fern Rhapis - Rhapis excelsa
Fiddle-leaf Fig - Ficus lyrata (h)
Fiddleleaf Fig- Ficus pandurata (h)
Fig - Ficus benjamina
Fiji Fern - Davallia canariensis
Fish Tail Fern - Cyrtomium falcatum
Fishtail Palm - Caryota mitis (Fruit toxic)
Fittonia - Fittonia verschaffeltii
Five-finger Fern - Adiantum aleuticum
Flaming Katy - Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Flaming Sword - Vriesea splendens
Flamingo Plant - Hypoestes phyllostachya
Flat Palm - Howea forsterana
Formosa Rice Tree - Fatsia japonica
Forster Sentry Palm - Howea forsterana
Forsythia - Forsythia species
Freckle Face - Hypoestes phyllostachya
Freckle Face - Hypoestes sanguinolenta
Friendship Plant - Billbergia nutans
Fucsha - Fucshia species
Funeral Palm - Cycas revoluta (h)

Gardenia - Gardenia jasminoides
Gasteria - Gasteria species
Giant Inch Plant - Tradescantia albiflora
Giant Yucca - Yucca elephantipes
Glossy-Leaved Paper Plant - Fatsia japonica
Gold Dust - Dracaena godseffiana
Golden Bells - Forsythia species
Golden Butterfly Palm - Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Golden Ceylon Creeper - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Golden Feather Palm - Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Golden Polypodium - Polypodium aureum
Golden Pothos - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Goldfish Plant - Columnea hirta
Good Luck Plant - Cordyline terminalis
Grape Ivy - Cissus rhombifolia
Grape Ivy - Rhoicissus rhomboidea
Grecian Laurel - Laurus nobilis
Green Ripple Peperomia - Peperomia caperata
Guava Pineapple - Feijoa sellowiana
Guzmania - Guzmania lingulata
Gypsophila - Gypsophila paniculata

Hare's Foot Fern - Phlebodium aureum
Hare's Foot Fern - Polypodium aureum
Hawaiian Good Luck Plant - Cordyline terminalis
Hawaiian Hibiscus - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hawaiian Tree Fern - Cibotium chamissoi
Heart-of-Flame - Bromelia balansae
Hen-and-Chickens - Echeveria elegans
Hen-and-Chickens - Sempervivum tectorum
Hen-and-Chicks - Echeveria elegans
Hen-and-Chicks - Echeveria runyonii
Hibiscus - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Holly Fern - Cyrtomium falcatum
Honey Plant - Hoya carnosa
House Pine - Araucaria excelsa, A. heterophylla
Howea Palm - Howea species
Humble Plant - Mimosa pudica
Hunter's Robe - Epipremnum aureum (h)

Inch Plant - Tradescantia albiflora
India Rubber Tree - Ficus elastica
Irish Moss - Helxine soleirolii
Irish Moss - Soleirolia soleirolii
Iron Fern - Rumohra adiantiformis
Ivy-leaf Pepper - Peperomia griseoargentea

Jade Plant - Crassula argentea
Jade Plant - Crassula arborescens
Jade Plant - Crassula cotyledon
Jade Plant - Crassula portulacea
Jade Tree - Crassula argentea
Janet Craig Dracaena - Dracaena deremensis
Japanese Aralia - Fatsia japonica
Japanese Aralis - Aralia japonica
Japanese Aralis - Aralia sieboldii
Japanese Camellia - Camellia japonica
Japanese Fatsia - Fatsia japonica
Japanese Fern Palm - Cycas revoluta (h)
Japanese Holly Fern - Cyrtomium falcatum
Japanese Rubber Plant - Crassula argentea
Japanese Sago Palm - Cycas revoluta (h)
Japanese Skimmia - Skimmia japonica (h)
Java Fig - Ficus benjamina

Kalanchoe - Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Kangaroo Vine - Cissus antarctica
Kentia Palm - Howea species

Lace Trumpet - Sarracenia leucophylla
Lady Palm - Rhapis excelsa
Lady's Eardrops - Fucshia species
Laurel Leaf Fig - Ficus lyrata (h)
Leather Fern - Rumohra adiantiformis
Leatherleaf Fern - Rumohra adiantiformis
Lipstick Plant - Aeschynanthus radicans
Little Fantasy Peperomia - Peperomia caperata
Live-and-Die Plant - Mimosa pudica
Living-vase Plant - Aechmea species
Lomaria - Blechnum gibbum

Madagascar Palm - Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Magnolia - Magnolia species
Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum species
Mango - Mangifera indica (Fruit Only)
Marigold - Tagetes species
Massange's Arrowroot - Maranta leuconeura (h)
Massange's Dracaena - Dracaena fragrans massangeana
Measles Plant - Hypoestes phyllostachya
Mediterranean Fan Palm - Chamaerops humilis
Mexican Bottle Plant - Beaucarnea recurvata
Mexican Gem - Echeveria elegans
Mexican Snowball - Echeveria elegans
Mexican Tree Fern - Cibotium schiedei
Michaelmas Daisy - Aster novi-belgii
Miniature Date Palm - Phoenix roebelenii
Miniature Fan Palm - Rhapis excelsa
Miniature Jasmine - Gardenia jasminoides
Monkey Plant - Ruellia makoyana
Mosaic Plant - Fittonia verschaffeltii
Mother-in-law's Tongue - Sansevieria trifasciata
Mother Fern - Asplenium bulbiferum

Nasturtium - Tropaeolum majus
Natal Plum - Carissa grandiflora (Fruit Only!)
Natal Plum - Carissa macrocarpa (Fruit Only!)
Neanthe Bella Palm - Chamaedorea elegans
Neoregelia - Neoregelia species
Nerve Plant - Fittonia verschaffeltii
Nest Fern - Asplenium nidus
New York Aster - Aster novi-belgii
Nidularium - Nidularium billbergioides
Norfolk Island Pine - Araucaria excelsa, A. heterophylla

Octopus Tree - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Octopus Tree - Schefflera actinophylla (h)
Old-Man-and-Woman - Sempervivum tectorum
Olive - Olea europaea
Oriental Bamboo - Bambusa glaucescens
Ornamental Dracaena - Cordyline terminalis

Painted Fingernail - Neoregelia species
Painted Nettle - Coleus species
Paper Flower - Bougainvillea glabra
Paper Plant - Fatsia japonica
Parlor Palm - Chamaedorea elegans
Passionflower - Passiflora species
Pearl Echeveria - Echeveria elegans
Pellaea - Pellaea rotundifolia
Peperomia - Peperomia species
Pepper Face - Peperomia obtusifolia
Petunia - Petunia species
Phlox - Phlox species
Piggyback Plant - Tolmiea menziesii
Pineapple - Ananas comosus
Pink Polka-Dot Plant - Hypoestes phyllostachya
Pitcher Plant - Sarracenia leucophylla
Pittosporum - Pittosporum species (h)
Platinum Pepper - Peperomia griseoargentea
Pleomele - Dracaena reflexa
Pleomele - Pleomele reflexa
Polka-Dot Plant - Hypoestes phyllostachya
Polypody - Polypodium aureum
Ponytail Palm - Beaucarnea recurvata
Pothos - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Pothos - Scindapsus species (h)
Pothos Vine - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Prayer Plant - Maranta leuconeura (h)
Prostrate Coleus - Plectranthus oertendahlii
Purple Nettle - Gynura aurantiaca
Purple Passion - Gynura aurantiaca
Purple Velvet Plant - Gynura aurantiaca
Pygmy Date Palm - Phoenix roebelenii

Queen's Tears - Billbergia nutans
Queen's Umbrella Tree - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Queen's Umbrella Tree - Schefflera actinophylla (h)
Queensland Umbrella Tree - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Queensland Umbrella Tree - Schefflera actinophylla (h)

Rabbit's Foot Fern - Davallia fejeensis
Rabbit's Foot Fern - Polypodium aureum
Rabbit's Tracks Plant - Maranta leuconeura (h)
Radiator Plant - Peperomia griseoargentea
Rainbow Star - Cryptanthus bromelioides
Raphidophora - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Red-Margined Dracaena - Dracaena marginata
Red Creeping Charlie - Plectranthus oertendahlii
Ribbon and Bows - Chlorophytum comosum
Ribbon Fern - Pteris cretica
Ribbon Plant - Chlorophytum comosum
Ribbon Plant - Dracaena sanderana (h)
Roebelin Palm - Phoenix roebelenii
Roof Houseleek - Sempervivum tectorum
Rose - Rosa species
Rose-of-China - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Rosy Maidenhair - Adiantum hispidulum
Roundleaf Fern - Pellaea rotundifolia
Royal Velvet Plant - Gynura aurantiaca
Rubber Plant - Ficus elastica

Saffron Spike - Aphelandra squarrosa
Sago Palm - Cycas revoluta (h)
Scabiosa - Scabiosa caucasica
Schefflera - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Schefflera - Schefflera actinophylla (h)
Screw Pine - Pandanus veitchii
Sedum - Sedum morganianum
Sensitive Plant - Mimosa pudica
Sentry Palm - Howea species
Shame Plant - Mimosa pudica
Silver Dollar Maidenhair - Adiantum peruvianum
Silver Fittonia - Fittonia verschaffeltii
Silver Nerve - Fittonia verschaffeltii
Silver Net Plant - Fittonia verschaffeltii
Silver Threads - Fittonia verschaffeltii
Skimmia - Skimmia species (h)
Slender Lady Palm - Rhapis humilis
Small-Leaved Rubber Plant - Ficus benjamina
Snake Plant - Sansevieria trifasciata
Snapdragon - Antirrhinum majus
Solomon Island Ivy - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Southern Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum raddianum
Southern Sword Fern - Nephrolepis cordifolia
Spanish Bayonet - Yucca aloifolia
Spider Fern - Pteris cretica
Spider Ivy - Chlorophytum comosum
Spider Plant - Chlorophytum comosum
Spineless Yucca - Yucca elephantipes
Spotted Gasteria - Gasteria maculata
Sprenger Asparagus - Asparagus densiflorus
Sprengeri Fern - Asparagus densiflorus
Spur Flower - Plectranthus species
Squirrel's Foot Fern - Davallia trichomanoides
Staghorn Fern - Platycerium bifurcatum
Starfish Plant - Cryptanthus acaulis
Starleaf - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Starleaf - Schefflera actinophylla (h)
Swedish Begonia - Plectranthus australis
Swedish Ivy - Plectranthus australis
Sweet Bay - Laurus nobilis
Sword Fern - Nephrolepis exaltata

Table Fern - Pteris cretica
Taro Vine - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Ten Commandments - Maranta leuconeura (h)
Thanksgiving Cactus - Schlumbergera truncata
Thanksgiving Cactus - Zygocactus truncatus
Thatch-Leaf Palm - Howea forsterana
Thousand Mothers - Tolmiea menziesii
Thyme - Thymus vulgare
Ti Log - Cordyline terminalis
Ti Plant - Cordyline terminalis
Tillandsia - Tillandsia cyanea
Tom Thumb - Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Touch-Me-Not - Mimosa pudica
Trailing Watermelon Begonia - Pellionia daveauana
Tree-of-Kings - Cordyline terminalis
Tree Fern - Cibotium species
Tropical Hibiscus - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Umbrella Tree - Brassaia actinophylla (h)
Umbrella Tree - Schefflera actinophylla (h)
Urn Plant - Aechmea fasciata

Variegated Philodendron - Epipremnum aureum (h)
Variegated Wandering Jew - Tradescantia fluminensis
Vase Plant - Billbergia species
Vase Plant - Vriesea species
Velvet Nettle - Gynura aurantiaca
Velvet Plant - Gynura aurantiaca
Venezuela Treebine - Cissus rhombifolia
Venus's Hair - Adiantum capillus-veneris
Volcano Plant - Bromelia balansae
Vriesea - Vriesea species

Walking Anthericum - Chlorophytum comosum
Wandering Jew - Tradescantia albiflora
Wandering Jew - Tradescantia fluminensis
Wandering Jew - Zebrina pendula
Warneckii Dracaena - Dracaena deremensis
Watermelon Begonia - Peperomia argyreia
Watermelon Peperomia - Peperomia argyreia
Watermelon Pilea - Pilea cadierei
Wax Plant (or Flower) - Hoya carnosa
Weeping Chinese Banyon - Ficus benjamina
Weeping Fig - Ficus benjamina
Western Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum aleuticum
White-Leaf Fittonia - Fittonia verschaffeltii
White Mexican Rose - Echeveria elegans
Windmill Palm - Chamaerops excelsa
Windmill Palm - Trachycarpus fortunei
Wine Palm - Caryota urens (Fruit toxic)

X, Y
Yellow Bamboo - Phyllostachys aurea
Youth-on-Age - Tolmiea menziesii
Youth and Old Age - Zinnia elegans
Yucca - Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes

Zebra Plant - Aphelandra squarrosa
Zebra Plant - Calathea zebrina
Zebra Plant - Cryptanthus zonatus
Zinnia - Zinnia elegans

Bird-Safe Plants by Botanical Name
(h) = May or may not be harmful

Abies species
Acacia baileyana
Adiantum aleuticum
Adiantum capillus-veneris
Adiantum hispidulum
Adiantum jordanii
Adiantum peruvianum
Adiantum raddianum
Adiantum species
Aechmea fasciata
Aechmea fulgens 'Discolor'
Aechmea species
Aeschynanthus radicans
Allium sativum
Aloe species (h)
Ananas comosus
Anethum graveolens
Antirrhinum majus
Aphelandra squarrosa
Aralia japonica
Aralia sieboldii
Araucaria excelsa
Araucaria heterophylla
Arbutus menziesii
Arctostaphylos manzanita
Arctotis stoechadifolia
Areca lutescens
Arundinaria pygmaea
Asparagus densiflorus
Aspidistra elatior
Asplenium bulbiferum
Asplenium nidus
Aster novi-belgii

Bambusa glaucescens
Bambusa nana
Bambusa species
Beaucarnea recurvata
Begonia species
Berberis species (h)
Betula species
Billbergia nutans
Billbergia species
Blechnum gibbum
Bougainvillea glabra
Brassaia actinophylla  (h)
Bromelia balansae
Bromelia species
Buddleja davidii


Calamintha species
Calathea zebrina
Calendula officinalis
Camellia japonica
Carissa grandiflora (Fruit Only!)
Carissa macrocarpa (Fruit Only!)
Carpinus betulus
Celastrus scandens (h)
Centaurea cyanus
Cerastium vulgatum
Chamaedorea elegans
Chamaemelum nobile
Chamaerops excelsa
Chamaerops humilis
Chlorophytum comosum
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Cibotium chamissoi
Cibotium schiedei
Cibotium species
Cichorium intybus
Cirsium species
Cissus antarctica
Cissus rhombifolia
Codiaeum variegatum (h)
Coffea arabica (Beans Toxic)
Coleus blumei
Coleus hybridus
Coleus species
Columnea hirta
Cordyline terminalis
Cornus species
Cosmos bipinnatus
Crassula arborescens
Crassula argentea
Crassula cotyledon
Crassula ovata
Crassula portulacea
Crataegus laevigata
Cryptanthus acaulis
Cryptanthus bromelioides
Cryptanthus species
Cryptanthus zonatus
Cycas revoluta (h)
Cyrtomium falcatum
Cytisus species

Dahlia species
Davallia canariensis
Davallia fejeensis
Davallia mariesii
Davallia trichomanoides
Dizygotheca elegantissima
Dracaena deremensis
Dracaena draco
Dracaena fragrans massangeana
Dracaena godseffiana
Dracaena marginata
Dracaena reflexa
Dracaena sanderana (h)
Dracaena species
Dyckia fosterana

Echeveria elegans
Echeveria runyonii
Elaeagnus augustifolia
Epipremnum aureum (h)
Eugenia species

Fagus sylvatica (h)
Fatsia japonica
Feijoa sellowiana
Ficus benjamina
Ficus carica
Ficus elastica
Ficus lyrata (h)
Ficus pandurata (h)
Ficus pumila
Ficus repens
Fittonia verschaffeltii
Forsythia species
Fraxinus amerericana
Fucshia species

Gardenia jasminoides
Gasteria liliputana
Gasteria maculata
Gasteria species
Guzmania lingulata
Gynura aurantiaca
Gypsophila paniculata

Helxine soleirolii
Hemerocallis species
Heteromeles arbutifolia
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Howea belmoreana
Howea forsterana
Howea species
Hoya carnosa
Hoya imperalis
Hypoestes phyllostachya
Hypoestes sanguinolenta


Iresine herbstii


Jubaea chilensis


Kalanchoe blossfeldiana


Larix decidua
Laurus nobilis
Livistona chinensis
Lysimachia nummularia


Magnolia species
Mahonia aquifolium
Mangifera indica (Fruit Only)
Maranta leuconeura  (h)
Melissa officinalis
Mentha spicata
Mentha x piperita
Mimosa pudica

Nandina domestica
Neoregelia carolinae
Neoregelia species
Neoregelia spectabilis
Nephrolepis cordifolia
Nephrolepis exaltata
Nephrolepis exaltata 'Bostoniensis'
Nidularium billbergioides
Nidularium fulgens

Olea europaea
Origanum vulgare

Pandanus veitchii
Passiflora species
Pellaea rotundifolia
Pellionia daveauana
Peperomia argyreia
Peperomia caperata
Peperomia obtusifolia
Peperomia species
Petroselinum crispum
Petunia species
Phlebodium aureum
Phlox species
Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix dactylifera
Phoenix roebelenii
Phyllostachys aurea
Picea excelsa (h)
Pilea cadierei
Pilea nummulariifolia
Pinus nigra
Pinus species (h)
Pittosporum species (h)
Platycerium bifurcatum
Plectranthus australis
Plectranthus coleoides
Plectranthus oertendahlii
Plectranthus species
Pleomele reflexa
Polypodium aureum
Populus species
Pteris cretica

Rhaphiolepsis indica
Rhapis excelsa
Rhapis humilis
Rhipsalidopsis gaerineri
Rhoeo spathacea
Rhoicissus rhomboidea
Ribes sanguinen
Rosa species
Rosmarinus officinalis
Ruellia makoyana
Rumohra adiantiformis

Saintpaulia ionantha
Salix species (h)
Sansevieria trifasciata
Sarracenia leucophylla
Scabiosa caucasica
Schefflera actinophylla  (h)
Schlumbergera bridgesii
Schlumbergera truncata
Scindapsus species  (h)
Sedum morganianum
Sempervivum tectorum
Sinarundinaria nitida
Sinningia Hybrid, G. speciosa
Skimmia japonica (h)
Skimmia species (h)
Soleirolia soleirolii
Sorbus species
Spiraea japonica (h)
Stellaria media
Symphytum officinale (h)
Syringa vulgaris (h)

Tagetes species
Taraxacum officinale
Thuja orientalis
Thymus vulgare
Tillandsia cyanea
Tillandsia species
Tolmiea menziesii
Trachelospermum jasminoides
Trachycarpus fortunei
Tradescantia albiflora
Tradescantia fluminensis
Trifolium repens (h)
Tropaeolum majus

Viola species (h)
Vriesea species
Vriesea splendens

Yucca aloifolia
Yucca elephantipes
Yucca filamentosa
Yucca gloriosa
Yucca species

Zebrina pendula
Zinnia elegans
Zygocactus truncatus

Selected Bibliography: By most recent date

Bernacki, John. “Poisonous Plants” Bird Times Apr. 2000: 12

Bauck, Louise. “Flights Of Fancy” Bird Talk Mar. 2000: 73, 78.

“Harmful Plants, Safe Plants” Birds USA Annual 1999/2000: 143, 145.

McWatters, Alicia. "Poisonous and Nonpoisonous Plants" Bird Talk Oct. 1997: 46-57.

Lardon, Kathie. "Holiday Hazards." Bird Talk Dec. 1994: 94-101.

Gallerstein, Gary A. The Complete Bird Owner's Handbook. New York: Howell Book House, 1994.

Nixon, Gayle Anderson. "Bird-Safe Tropical Plants." Bird Talk Jan. 1994: 122-135.

Higdon, Pamela L. "Household Hazards." Bird Talk Nov. 1993: 62-82.

Alber, John I., and Delores M. Alber. Baby-Safe Houseplants & Cut Flowers. Pownal, VT: Storey Communications, 1993.

Burgmann, Petra M. Feeding Your Pet Bird. Hauuppauge, New York: Barron's, 1993.

Seymour, E. L. D. The Wise Garden Encyclopedia. Ed. Pamela B. Art, et al. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1990

Vriends, Mathew M. The New Bird Handbook. Hauuppauge, New York: Barron's, 1989.

Lampe, Kenneth F., and Mary Ann McCann. AMA Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants. Chicago: American Medical
Association, 1985.

© 1997 - 2000 Rick Swanson, All Rights Reserved